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Some Useful vim Commands – My vim Cheatsheet


Posted by Artem Russakovskii on April 9th, 2008 in Linux, My Favorites, Programming

Updated: April 23rd, 2008

[WORK IN PROGRESS] Here is a list of commands that I use every day with vim, in no particular order. Out of a billion possible key combinations, I found these to be irreplaceable and simple enough to remember.

     

    *

    search for the word under cursor (to the end of the file)

    #

    search for the word under cursor (to the top of the file)

    ctrl-p,ctrl-n

    suggest (p)revious or (n)ext autocomplete from the list of existing keywords in the file or included files (!).

    :go NNN

    go to byte NNN

    .

    redo last command

    /SEARCH TERM

    search document for SEARCH TERM

    :%s/FOO/BAR/gci

    replace FOO with BAR (g)lobally, case (i)insensitively, and asking for (c)onfirmation

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47

How To Add A File Extension To vim Syntax Highlighting


Posted by Artem Russakovskii on April 2nd, 2008 in Databases, Linux, Programming

Updated: July 8th, 2009

Today I was asked a question about defining custom extensions for vim syntax highlighting such that, for example, vim would know that example.lmx is actually of type xml and apply xml syntax highlighting to it. I know vim already automatically does it not just based on extension but by looking for certain strings inside the text, like <?xml but what if my file doesn't have such strings?

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After digging around I found the solution. Add the following to ~/.vimrc (the vim configuration file):

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syntax on
filetype on
au BufNewFile,BufRead *.lmx set filetype=xml

After applying it, my .lmx file is highlighted:

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Same principle works, for instance, for mysql dumps that I have to do from time to time. …

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